August 26, 1946
Hitler's Items found in Raid
Click on one of the above links to see these special photos or
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The source of information of which I acquired, came from a copy of Life Magazine donated by Ed Bowley.
The Cover of Life Magazine
Below you will see a photo of the Headquarters of Constabulary
was located in Bamberg, Germany. The MP is standing at attention
as General Harmon's proceed with his inspection. Harmon was with
the 1st and the 2nd Armored Divisions when he fought in Africa, Italy
in France. Gen. Harmon wore the patch of the 2nd Division.
Below is a photo of what happens at a check point. The Constabulary Troopers are blocking the autobhn stopping all traffic, including the U.S. Army vehicles. They are checking for identification papers and illegal possessions on everyone.
Below in the photo a Former Nazi Peasant Leader. He is being questioned by the U.S. Constabulary Trooper. The man's home is searched. These raids are called "Swoops" which are painstaking but polite. The troopers are required to knock on the doors before entering into their home.
Below you will find the items found by the troopers upon completing the village raid.
It is not legal for the Germans to have any of these items in their possession.
It was around Aug. 19th, 1946 that the Military Governor of the U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany, General Joseph McNarney emphasized in his report the policing job the U.S. Army faces.
1. Food thefts have risen.
2. Organized gangs have begun to appear.
The General added, arrests and convictions have increased
jails were filled to overflowing.
He made the statement that the size of the job pressed the Army's seven months earlier to form the new U.S. Constabulary to police Germany. The increase in number of criminals apprehended shows how good a job the new force was doing.
The Constabulary was led by Major General Ernest N. Harmon.
33,000 specially trained troopers dressed with their own
badge [a yellow silk scarf] and wore full uniform all the time.
Every community in the zone was patrolled at least once every three days. To keep the Germans from knowing when the next patrol would be, the patrols were staggered. The troopers checked the behavior of other U.S. troops, kept DP in hand, hunted illegal travelers, smugglers and black marketeers. The Germans suspected of harboring illegal arms or furthering Nazi ideas were tracked down. The Constabulary troops were the first to be sent to crush resistance at any uprising.
In the Army's occupation method, the Constabulary represented a vigorous step forward. The Army's small Counter-Intelligence Corps hunted spies and top war criminals. The still smaller Criminal Investigation Division tracked down other criminals. Both of these specialized units used the Constabulary for search and arrest.
In the Army of Occupation, there are about 300,000 men to perform a multitude of governing and guarding jobs.
The U.S. Constabulary Force was a well disciplined spearhead,
great mobility and exceptional esprit de corps enabled it to
out daily all over the U.S. occupied Germany and made a courteous show
to force that the Germans learned to fear and respect.
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